Net::netent - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getnet*() functions


 use Net::netent qw(:FIELDS);
 getnetbyname("loopback")               or die "bad net";
 printf "%s is %08X\n", $n_name, $n_net;

 use Net::netent;

 $n = getnetbyname("loopback")          or die "bad net";
 { # there's gotta be a better way, eh?
     @bytes = unpack("C4", pack("N", $n->net));
     shift @bytes while @bytes && $bytes[0] == 0;
 printf "%s is %08X [%d.%d.%d.%d]\n", $n->name, $n->net, @bytes;


This module's default exports override the core getnetbyname() and getnetbyaddr() functions, replacing them with versions that return ``Net::netent'' objects. This object has methods that return the similarly named structure field name from the C's netent structure from netdb.h; namely name, aliases, addrtype, and net. The aliases method returns an array reference, the rest scalars.

You may also import all the structure fields directly into your namespace as regular variables using the :FIELDS import tag. (Note that this still overrides your core functions.) Access these fields as variables named with a preceding n_. Thus, $net_obj->name() corresponds to $n_name if you import the fields. Array references are available as regular array variables, so for example @{ $net_obj->aliases() } would be simply @n_aliases.

The getnet() funtion is a simple front-end that forwards a numeric argument to getnetbyaddr(), and the rest to getnetbyname().

To access this functionality without the core overrides, pass the use an empty import list, and then access function functions with their full qualified names. On the other hand, the built-ins are still available via the CORE:: pseudo-package.


The getnet() functions do this in the Perl core:

    sv_setiv(sv, (I32)nent->n_net);

The gethost() functions do this in the Perl core:

    sv_setpvn(sv, hent->h_addr, len);

That means that the address comes back in binary for the host functions, and as a regular perl integer for the net ones. This seems a bug, but here's how to deal with it:

 use strict;
 use Socket;
 use Net::netent;
 @ARGV = ('loopback') unless @ARGV;
 my($n, $net);
 for $net ( @ARGV ) {
     unless ($n = getnetbyname($net)) {
        warn "$0: no such net: $net\n";
     printf "\n%s is %s%s\n", 
            lc($n->name) eq lc($net) ? "" : "*really* ",
     print "\taliases are ", join(", ", @{$n->aliases}), "\n"
                if @{$n->aliases};     
     # this is stupid; first, why is this not in binary?
     # second, why am i going through these convolutions
     # to make it looks right
        my @a = unpack("C4", pack("N", $n->net));
        shift @a while @a && $a[0] == 0;
        printf "\taddr is %s [%d.%d.%d.%d]\n", $n->net, @a;
     if ($n = getnetbyaddr($n->net)) {
        if (lc($n->name) ne lc($net)) {
            printf "\tThat addr reverses to net %s!\n", $n->name;
            $net = $n->name;


While this class is currently implemented using the Class::Struct module to build a struct-like class, you shouldn't rely upon this.


Tom Christiansen


We are painfully aware that these documents may contain incorrect links and misformatted HTML. Such bugs lie in the automatic translation process that automatically created the hundreds and hundreds of separate documents that you find here. Please do not report link or formatting bugs, because we cannot fix per-document problems. The only bug reports that will help us are those that supply working patches to the installhtml or pod2html programs, or to the Pod::HTML module itself, for which I and the entire Perl community will shower you with thanks and praises.

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--Tom Christiansen, Perl Documentation Compiler and Editor

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